The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has a longstanding interest in migration issues. Migratory flows find some of their root causes in rural poverty and food insecurity. The consequences of these flows, like accelerated urbanization and remittances, pose both challenges and opportunities for food security and sustainable agriculture and rural development. FAO works to address those challenges and seize the opportunities, inter alia by supporting countries in fostering rural-urban economic linkages, improving agricultural productivity, enhancing and diversifying rural employment opportunities, especially for women and youth; helping the poor better manage risks through social protection; and leveraging remittances for investments in agriculture and rural development. The ultimate goal is to enhance country-level capacities to address migration issues from a developmental perspective, and in so doing, mitigate distress migration and foster food security and rural poverty reduction.
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